On back, text in German that appears to be ‘vor Lemberg’ (‘before Lviv’).
Undated. Likely during German invasion of 1941? Is it a picture of war looting?
Work of art in ornate wood frame, appears to have been defaced.
Paper remnants on back where photo glued into album.
8.5 X 5.75 cm
(Red text is an electronic watermark that is not physically part of the photo for sale)
Note: The sale of this item in no way supports the actions or philosophies of the Axis powers. I am selling the historical record.
Lviv (German: Lemberg) is an administrative center in western Ukraine with more than a millennium of history as a settlement, and over seven centuries as a city.
Nazi Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939 and the German 1st Mountain Division reached the suburbs of Lviv on September 12 and began a siege. The city's garrison was ordered to hold out at all cost since the strategic position prevented the enemy from crossing into the Romanian Bridgehead. Also, a number of Polish troops from Central Poland were trying to reach the city and organise a defence there to buy time to regroup. Thus a 10-day-long defence of the city started and later became known as yet another Battle of Lwów. On September 19 an unsuccessful Polish diversionary attack under General Władysław Langner was launched. Soviet troops (part of the forces which had invaded on September 17 under the Molotov-Ribbentrop Pact) replaced the Germans around the city. On September 21 Langner formally surrendered to Soviet troops.
The Soviet and Nazi forces divided Poland between themselves and a rigged plebiscite absorbed the Soviet-occupied eastern half of Poland, including Lviv, into the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic.
When the Nazis invaded the Soviet Union on June 22, 1941, the NKVD spent a week hastily executing prisoners held in the Brygidki and Zamarstynów prisons, where around 8000 were murdered.