$61.00 USD– Sold Out
Set of three real photo postcards related to Mexican Revolution.
#1 Five Mexican men standing by a railway boxcar. One on far right identified as “gen’l Villa”. Other men standing on roof of the car. Railway car has painted label ‘AMERICAN CAR & FOUNDRY CO. BUILDER ST. LOUIS MO…”
#2 Four young girls, one holding baby, at a barded-wire fence. Labeled on negative: “Detained at the Refugee Camp”.
#3 Women on horses, child on donkey.
‘AZO’ photographic paper uses dates them to 1904-1918.
Toning/Smudging on back.
(Red text is an electronic watermark that is not physically part of the cards for sale)
Francisco "Pancho" Villa, born José Doroteo Arango Arámbula (1878 –1923), was a Mexican revolutionary general and one of the most prominent figures of the Mexican Revolution.
As commander of the División del Norte, 'Division of the North', in the Constitutionalist Army, he was a military-landowner (caudillo) of the northern Mexican state of Chihuahua. The area's size and mineral wealth provided him with extensive resources. Villa was provisional governor of Chihuahua in 1913 and 1914, and can be credited with decisive military victories leading to the ousting of Victoriano Huerta from the presidency in July 1914. Following Huerta's ouster Villa fought the forces of his own erstwhile leader, "First Chief" of the Constitutionalists Venustiano Carranza; in so doing he was in alliance with southern revolutionary Emiliano Zapata, who remained fighting in his own region of Morelos. The two revolutionary generals briefly came together to take Mexico City after Carranza's forces retreated from it. Later, Villa's hitherto undefeated División del Norte engaged the military forces of Carranza under Carrancista general Álvaro Obregón and was defeated in the 1915 Battle of Celaya. Villa again was defeated by Carranza on 1 November 1915 at the Second Battle of Agua Prieta, after which Villa's army collapsed as a significant military force.
Villa subsequently led a raid against a small U.S.-Mexican border town resulting in the Battle of Columbus on 9 March 1916, and retreated to escape U.S. retaliation. The U.S. government sent U.S. Army General John J. Pershing on an expedition to capture him, but Villa continued to evade his attackers with guerrilla tactics during the unsuccessful nine-month incursion into Mexican sovereign territory. The mission ended when the United States entered World War I and Pershing was recalled to other duties.
In 1920, Villa made an agreement with the Mexican government to retire from hostilities, following the ouster and death of Carranza, and was given a hacienda near Parral, Chihuahua, which he turned into a "military colony" for his former soldiers. In 1923, as presidential elections approached, he re-involved himself in Mexican politics. Shortly thereafter he was assassinated