1913 USA fire damage during Dayton Ohio flood photo postcard
Image of firefighters dousing embers of destroyed building. Sign on building ‘HIGH STANDARD PAINT…..THE LOWE –‘, corner of 3rd and Jefferson.
Labeled on negative “20. S. JEFFERSON ST. DAYTON , O. FLOOD 3-28-13"
Postmarked DAYTON OHIO APR 18 1913 "...as all I had went with the flood..."
Photo using VELOX photographic paper, dated 1907-1914
The Great Dayton Flood of 1913 resulted from flooding by the Great Miami River reaching Dayton, Ohio, and the surrounding area, causing the greatest natural disaster in Ohio history. In response, the General Assembly passed the Vonderheide Act to enable the formation of conservancy districts. The Miami Conservancy District, which included Dayton and the surrounding area, became one of the first major flood control districts in Ohio and the United States.
The Dayton flood of March 1913 was caused by a series of severe winter rainstorms that hit the Midwest in late March. Within three days, 8–11 inches of rain fell throughout the Great Miami River watershed on already saturated soil, resulting in more than 90 percent runoff. The river and its tributaries overflowed. The existing levees failed, and downtown Dayton was flooded up to 20 feet deep.