Albert Henry Bancroft (1840-1864) enlisted at Bristol NY on 26 September 1861, at the age of 21. On October 7th 1861 he mustered into "B" Co. NY 85th Infantry as a private and later was made corporal. He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Plymouth in North Carolina, on 20 April 1864, and imprisoned at Andersonville (Georgia) where he died on 11 August 1864.
Mailed to “Miss A.E. Bancroft Canandaigua Ontario CO, NY Care of William Casort”. Postmarked ‘NORFOLK NOV 4 1862 VA’ on three-cent Washington stamp.
One large piece of paper written on both sides.
Some rust spots. Paper fold into 12. Couple small holes on folds. Envelope torn, stained, creased.
12 ¼” x 8"
Albert kept a diary during the war; see “Diary of Corporal of Co. B., Eighty-fifth regiment, N. Y. S. V.” published in the Fifth annual report of the New York state Bureau of military statistics, 1868, p. 575-612.]
The 85th New York Volunteer Infantry was an infantry regiment in the Union Army during the American Civil War. It was organized at Elmira, New York beginning in August 1861 and mustered in for three-years service on December 2, 1861 under the command of Colonel Uriah L. Davis.
The regiment was attached to 3rd Brigade, Casey's Division, Army of the Potomac, to March 1862. 3rd Brigade, 3rd Division, IV Corps, Army of the Potomac, to June 1862. 2nd Brigade, 2nd Division, IV Corps, to September 1862. Wessell's Brigade, Division at Suffolk, VII Corps, Department of Virginia, to December 1862.
Duty in the defenses of Washington, D.C., until March 1862. Advance on Manassas, Va., March 10-15. Moved to the Peninsula, Va., March 28. Siege of Yorktown April 5-May 4. Reconnaissance toward Lee's Mills April 29. Battle of Williamsburg May 5. Reconnaissance to Bottom's Bridge May 20-23. Seven Pines, Savage Station and Chickahominy May 24. Reconnaissance to Seven Pines May 24-27. Battle of Seven Pines May 31-June 1. New Market Road June 8. Seven days before Richmond June 25-July 1. Bottom's Bridge June 27-28. White Oak Swamp June 30. Malvern Hill July 1. At Harrison's Landing until August 16. Moved to Fort Monroe August 16-23, then to Suffolk, Va., September 18, and duty there until December. Reconnaissance to Franklin October 3. Blackwater October 9, 26, 29 and 30. Franklin October 31. Zuni November 18.