German text on back: “S’Sewastopol: ____ Fiort Maxim Gorkey I”
Nice condition. Corner crease LL. Paper remnants on back where was removed from album.
10.5 X 7.5 cm
(Red text is an electronic watermark that is not physically part of the photo for sale)
Maxim Gorky I and Maxim Gorky II (Russian designation: Coast Batteries #30 and #35) were coastal batteries used by the Soviet Union in the Crimea during World War II in the Crimean Campaign.
Maxim Gorky I was located east of Ljabimorka, north of Severnaya Bay which formed Sevastopol's harbor, and contained twin gun turrets which could fire four 30.5 cm guns. Once the Germans had broken through the Perekop Isthmus in October 1941, they advanced on Sevastopol but were confronted by Maxim Gorky I. They deployed the 800mm rail gun Dora to destroy it.
On June 6, 1942, heavy guns and mortars managed to make direct hits on the battery which destroyed one of the gun turrets and damaged the other. None of these were successful in eliminating the Maxim Gorky I, however, and it was not until June 17 that it was put out of action by German assault engineers. According to the Soviets, the battery ceased firing and was subsequently blown up by its crew.
Note: The sale of these items in no way supports the actions or philosophies of the Axis powers. I am selling the historical record.