1910 Programme unveiling South African Memorial Toronto

"To the honour and in memory of the Canadians who died in defence of the Empire in the South African War 1899-1902"

Unveiled by General Sir John B.P. French G.C.B. G.C.V.O. K.C.M.G

Lists members of South African Memorial Association.

Four pages, two printed.

Has horizontal fold and two vertical folds

29.5 x 21 cm


The South African War Memorial is a memorial located at University Avenue and Queen Street West in Toronto. Commissioned in 1910, largely as the result of the efforts of James Mason, and designed by Walter Seymour Allward to commemorate Canada's participation in the Boer War, it consists of three bronze figures at the base of a granite column. Another bronze figure is found at the top of the memorial. It was restored in 2001. For two decades after the war, Canadians would gather on February 27 (known in Canada as "Paardeberg Day") around memorials to the South African War to say prayers and honour veterans. This continued until the end of the First World War, when Armistice Day (later called Remembrance Day) began to observed on November 11.

Field Marshal John Denton Pinkstone French, 1st Earl of Ypres KP, GCB, OM, GCVO, KCMG, ADC, PC (28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925), known as The Viscount French between 1916 and 1922, was a British Army officer. Born in Kent to an Anglo-Irish family, he saw brief service as a midshipman in the Royal Navy, before becoming a cavalry officer. He achieved rapid promotion and distinguished himself on the Gordon Relief Expedition. French was a notorious womaniser throughout his life and his career nearly ended when he was cited in the divorce of a brother officer whilst in India in the early 1890s. French became a national hero during the Second Boer War. He won the Battle of Elandslaagte near Ladysmith, escaping under fire on the last train as the siege began. He then commanded the Cavalry Division, winning the Battle of Klip Drift during an epic march to relieve Kimberley. He later conducted Counter-insurgency operations in Cape Colony.