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Sammelwerk Nr. 15
Bild Nr. 180 Gruppe 67
Am 9. November 1934 vor der Feldherrnhalle. Der Führer mit seinem Stellvertreter Rudolph Hess und alter Kämpfern
Compilation No. 15
Image No. 180 Group 67
'On November 9, 1934 before the Feldherrnhalle . The leader with his deputy Rudolph Hess and ‘old fighters’.
Not mentioned, but standing behind Hitler is the infamous Himmler.
One of a series of cigarette card photos.
Photo taken in 1934 by Heinrich Hoffmann.
Back has strip of paper along right edge where mounted in album.
12 X 8 cm
Note: The sale of this item in no way supports the actions or philosophies of the Axis powers. I am selling the historical record.
Rudolf Walter Richard Hess (1894 –1987), was a prominent politician in Nazi Germany. Appointed Deputy Führer to Adolf Hitler in 1933, he served in this position until 1941, when he flew solo to Scotland in an attempt to negotiate peace with the United Kingdom during World War II. He was taken prisoner and eventually was convicted of crimes against peace, serving a life sentence, until his death by suicide.
Heinrich Luitpold Himmler (1900 –1945) was Reichsführer of the Schutzstaffel (Protection Squadron; SS), and a leading member of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany. Nazi leader Adolf Hitler briefly appointed him a military commander and later Commander of the Replacement (Home) Army and General Plenipotentiary for the administration of the entire Third Reich (Generalbevollmächtigter für die Verwaltung). Himmler was one of the most powerful men in Nazi Germany and one of the people most directly responsible for the Holocaust.
The Feldherrnhalle was the scene of a confrontation on Friday morning, 9 November 1923, between the Bavarian State Police and the followers of Adolf Hitler in which the Nazi party attempted to storm the Bavarian Defense Ministry. This was the culmination of the Nazis' failed coup attempt to take over the Bavarian State, commonly referred to as the Beer Hall Putsch. In the ensuing gun battle, four policemen and sixteen marchers were killed. Many more were wounded, including Hermann Göring. As a result of the failure of the so-called Beer Hall Putsch, Hitler was arrested and sentenced to a prison term.
After the Nazis took power in 1933, Hitler turned the Feldherrnhalle into a memorial to the Nazis killed during the failed putsch. A memorial to the fallen SA men was put up on its east side, opposite the location of the shootings. This was under perpetual ceremonial guard by the SS. The square in front was used for SS parades and commemorative rallies. New SS recruits took their oath of loyalty to Hitler in front of the memorial.
Heinrich Hoffmann (1885 – 1957) was a German photographer, art dealer, art collector, and magazine publisher who was for many years Adolf Hitler's official photographer and a part of his intimate circle. Historian Alan Bullock succinctly described Hoffmann as an "earthy Bavarian with a weakness for drinking parties and hearty jokes" who "enjoyed the license of a court jester" with Hitler.