Originally a blank menu card from Chateau de Madrid restaurant/hotel, located in the Bois de Boulogne in Neuilly, just west of Paris.
The treaty signed by Bulgaria (on the losing side) was called the Treaty of Neuilly.
Inside, along with a nice landscape graphic, are 18 autographs from the Bulgarian delegation. Note Ganev from the Radical Democrats, the Agrarian leader Stamboliski, Sarafov from the Progressive Liberals, etc. Some signatures will need to be researched to determine their identity.
Called to Paris in July 1919, the delegation was kept under police guard for 2 1/2 months, forbidden to go into Paris, their mail censored, and no visitors allowed.
Also has been ink-stamped with two different designs, one in Cyrillic with Bulgarian coat of arms, the other in French which says: ‘Secretariat of the Bulgarian delegation – Peace Conference’.
One autograph is dated 27th November 1919. The Treaty of Neuilly was signed on this date!!!
The treaty itself was signed at the Town Hall of Neuilly by only Stamboliski: “Stamboliski, pale and apprehensive, entered alone. It looked, said a sympathetic American, ‘as if the office boy had been called in for a conference with a board of directors.’ ”
In June 1923 there was a coup in Bulgaria. Stamboliski was killed by Macedonian conspirators who first cut off the hand that had signed the Treaty and other later agreements.
Thick paper covers, with 4 glossy interior pages.
8-3/4" X 6-3/4"
Great condition, mild yellowing along cover spine.
Five major peace treaties were prepared at the Paris Peace Conference (with, in parentheses, the affected countries):
The treaty required Bulgaria:
When the Bulgarian people learned of the terms of the Treaty of Neuilly, they were outraged, and it was popularly known as the Second National Catastrophe. However, they were not in a position to do anything about the terms in 1919. When World War Two broke out, Bulgaria sided with Nazi Germany and reclaimed all the land taken from her by the Treaty of Neuilly. By the time World War Two ended, Bulgaria’s effective independence was also ended. Stalin imposed a pro-communist government in power – part of his protective block around the USSR and it was to be many more decades before Bulgaria was to enjoy any form of real independence.