Forces of the German Wehrmacht entered Salzburg, Austria, on the morning of 12 March 1938. Hitler visited Salzburg on 6 April 1938, crossing the Staatsbrücke as had his troops the previous month. A rally was held in the Residenzplatz,
I am guessing this photo is of the second event.
Large parade: Soldiers marching, citizens giving Nazi salute, truck with movie camera crew on top, military band, flags,etc..
Main building has sign “Landes hypothekenanstalt’, which means ‘Country Mortgage’. Further up building ‘Salzburger Landes-Brandschaden-Versicherungsanstalt' which translates as 'Salzburg Land Fire Damage Insurance Building'
Press stamp on back 'PRESSE-BILD-ZENTRALE'.
Small crease LR corner. Crinkle in paper. Remnants of black paper where was stuck in photo album, small thinning area.
18 x 13 cm. (W x H)
(Red text is an electronic watermark that is not physically part of the photo for sale).
Note: The sale of these items in no way supports the actions or philosophies of the Axis powers. I am selling the historical record.
Anschluss is the term used to describe the annexation of Austria into Nazi Germany in March 1938.
Austria was annexed by Nazi Germany on 12 March 1938. There had been several years of pressure from supporters in Austria and Germany (both Nazis and non-Nazis) for the "Heim ins Reich" movement. Earlier, Nazi Germany had provided support for the Austrian National Socialist Party (Austrian Nazi Party) in its bid to seize power from Austria's Fatherland Front government.
On 9 March 1938, In the face of rioting by the small, but virulent, Austrian Nazi Party and ever-expanding German demands on Austria, Chancellor Kurt Schuschnigg called a referendum (plebiscite) on the issue, to be held on 13 March. Infuriated, on 11 March, Adolf Hitler threatened invasion of Austria, and demanded Chancellor von Schuschnigg's resignation and the appointment of the Nazi Arthur Seyss-Inquart as his replacement. Hitler's plan was for Seyss-Inquart to call immediately for German troops to rush to Austria's aid, restoring order and giving the invasion an air of legitimacy. In the face of this threat, Schuschnigg informed Seyss-Inquart that the plebiscite would be cancelled.
Nevertheless, the German Führer underestimated his opposition. Schuschnigg did resign on the evening of 11 March, but President Wilhelm Miklas refused to appoint Seyss-Inquart as Chancellor. At 8:45 pm, Hitler, tired of waiting, ordered the invasion to commence at dawn on 12 March regardless. Around 10 pm, a forged telegram was sent in Seyss-Inquart's name asking for German troops, since he was not yet Chancellor and was unable to do so himself. Seyss-Inquart was not installed as Chancellor until after midnight, when Miklas resigned himself to the inevitable.
The newly installed Nazis, within two days, transferred power to Germany, and Wehrmacht troops entered Austria to enforce the Anschluss. The Nazis held a controlled plebiscite in the whole Reich within the following month, asking the people to ratify the fait accompli, and claimed that 99.7561% of the votes cast in Austria were in favor. Austrian citizens of Jewish origin were not allowed to vote.